- For Debian stable/Stretch
Install NVidia driver in Linux server is always tedious and painful. Fortunatelly, Debian stable/Stretch provids ready-to-use NVidia drivers and CUDA toolkits. This post indicates the proper way to install up-to-date Nvidia driver and CUDA in Debian way.
1. Check repository source:
For Debian stable/Stretch, the content of /etc/apt/sources.list file may looks like:
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ stretch main contrib non-free
2. Remove previous installed NVidia drivers if necessary
# apt-get remove --purge nvidia*
3. Install new NVidia drivers
# apt-get install nvidia-driver
- The current nvidia-driver version is 384.130.
# apt-get install nvidia-cuda-toolkit
- The current nvidia-cuda-toolkit version is 8.0.44.
4. How about the up-to-date NVidia driver and CUDA toolkit?
One possibility is to use Debian testing/Buster, or unstable/Sid distrubutions. If we’d like to stick to stable/Stretch, the alternative way is to launch Debian stable backports.
At first, append this line to /etc/apt/sources.list file:
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian stable-backports main contrib non-free
# apt-get update
Now we can install recent packages from backports distribution:
# apt-get -t stable-backports install nvidia-driver nvidia-cuda-toolkit
The current (2018-11-12) version of NVidia driver and CUDA toolkit in Debian stable backports are 390.87 and 9.1.85, respectively.